EFEKTIVITAS TABLETOP DISASTER EXERCISE (TDE) SEBAGAI MEDIA SIMULASI DALAM RUANG UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN TRIAGE DAN ALUR RUJUKAN KORBAN BENCANA

Widya Addiarto, Shinta Wahyusari

Abstract


 Abstrak

Saat ini skill perawat ketika menjadi volunteer pada saat terjadi bencana masih rendah. Upaya untuk meningkatkan skill tersebut salah satunya adalah dengan cara memberikan pendidikan bencana sejak awal kepada mahasiswa keperawatan yang salah satunya dapat mengguanakan media Tabletop Disaster Exercise (TDE). Penilitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari efektivitas media Tabletop Disaster Exercise dalam meningkatkan skill triage dan alur rujukan korban bencana. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah quasy experiment dengan menggunakan pre-post test with control group design. Jumlah populasi adalah 188 mahasiswa. Sampel diambil menggunakan purpossive sampling dan didapatkan jumlah responden sebesar 36 dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol dan perlakuan. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji Wilcoxon dan didapatkan ada perbedaan triage (ρ = 0,001) dan alur rujukan (ρ = 0,000) sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol hasil didapatkan perbedaan skill triage (ρ = 0,001) dan alur rujukan (ρ = 0,001). Hasil uji Mann Whitney yaitu terdapat perbedaan skill triage dan alur rujukan dari responden antara kelompok perlakuan dengan kelompok kontrol dengan nilai signifikansi masing-masing 0,013 dan 0,004. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pada kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol sama-sama dapat meningkatkan skill triage dan alur rujukan dari masing-masing responden, akan tetapi dari analisis kedua metode didapatkan hasil yang signifikan yang menunjukkan adanya perbedaan antara media TDE dengan metode konvensional.

 

Kata kunci : tabletop disaster exercise, triage, alur rujukan

 

 

Abstract

Today, the nurses' skills when volunteering at disaster management are still low. therefore to improve these skills is by providing disaster education from the beginning to nursing students. One of the learning media that is expected to be able to answer  these problems is the Tabletop Disaster Exercise (TDE). This study aims to determine the effectivity  of Tabletop Disaster Exercise in improving triage and referral flow of disaster victims. The research design used quasy experimental with two groups pre-post test design. 36 subjects in total (2 groups of 18 members) was selected using purpossive sampling. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon test and Mann whittney test. The results showed there were differences in triage (ρ = 0,001) and referral flow (ρ = 0,000) while in the results of the control group, there were differences in triage (ρ = 0.001) and referral flow (ρ = 0.001). The result of the Mann Whitney test showed there were differences in respondents’s skill between the treatment group and the control group with a significance value of triage (ρ = 0.013) and referral flow (ρ = 0.004). Thus it can be concluded that both the treatment and control groups can equally improve the triage and referral Flow skills of each respondent, but from the analysis of both methods, significant results are showed by the differences between TDE and conventional methods.

Keywords: tabletop disaster exercise, triage, referral flow

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