ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI SELF AWARENESS MASYARAKAT DALAM MELAKUKAN MITIGASI BENCANA DI AREA RAWAN BENCANA GUNUNG BROMO DESA NGADISARI, KECAMATAN SUKAPURA – PROBOLINGGO

Achmad Kusyairi, Widya Addiarto

Abstract


Abstrak

Gunung meletus menjadi bahaya karena dapat merugikan secara fisik maupun non fisik dan korban yang tidak sedikit. Kesadaran diri masyarakat (self awareness) menjadi sikap yang sangat dibutuhkan untuk membangun masyarakat yang tangguh dan peka terhadap bencana. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui faktor yang paling dominan berhubungn dengan self awareness masyarakat dalammelakukan mitigasi bencana. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah 673 dan sampel yang diambil adalah 250 responden. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner. Hasil analisis multivariat menggunakan uji regresi logistik didapatkan bahwa faktor yang paling berhubungan dengan awareness adalah pendapatan (OR = 0.351), usia (OR = 0.268) dan pendidikan (OR = 0.044). Oleh karena itu, semakin besar pendapatan masyarakat akan berpengaruh terhadap self awareness masyarakat dikarenakan akan meningkatkan kesiapsiagaan dan usaha dalam mencegah resiko bencana yang lebih besar melalui mitigasi bencana yang lebih baik.

 

Kata Kunci : self awareness, mitigasi, bencana

 

 

Abstract

Mount erupt becomes a danger because it can harm both physically and non physically and the victims are not minimum. Self awareness becomes an indispensable attitude to building a community that is resilient and sensitive to disaster. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors that most influence the self awareness of the community in conducting disaster mitigation. This research uses descriptive analytic design between variables with cross sectional approach. Population and sample in this research are All Population in Dusun Cemaralawang, Desa Ngadisari, Kec.Sukapura, Probolinggo A total of 673 with sampe simpe random technique, so get 250 respondents. Data collection using questionnaire. Based on the results of multivariate test, it can be seen that from 4 categories of factors that meet the criteria of logistic regression test, the factors that most influence self awareness from the biggest to the smallest is income factor with the strength of relationship (OR = 0.351), age (OR = 0.268) and education (OR = 0.044). Therefore, people with large incomes will have better preparation than people with low incomes. This is because with a large income they can use the funds they have for disaster mitigation efforts or in other words prevent the occurrence of disasters by doing good development. Thus the risk of disaster can be minimized.

 

Keywords: self awareness, mitigation, disaster


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33006/ji-kes.v2i2.110

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 ISSN: 2579-7913