HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DENGAN STATUS GIZI IBU HAMIL DI PUSKESMAS TANJUNG PINANG KOTA JAMBI

Elisa Murti Puspitaningrum

Abstract



Abstrak

Kekurangan energi kronik (KEK) merupakan salah satu masalah status gizi pada ibu hamil. Jumlah ibu hamil yang menderita KEK di Indonesia mengalami peningkatan dari tahun 2007 sampai 2013, yaitu sebesar 15,7%. Data di Puskesmas Tanjung Pinang pada tahun 2015 terdapat 6,60% ibu hamil yang menderita KEK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dengan status gizi pada ibu hamil di Puskesmas Tanjung Pinang Kota Jambi tahun 2016. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif korelasi dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu hamil yang memeriksakan kehamilan di Puskesmas Tanjung Pinang tahun 2016. Sampel berjumlah 62 responden dengan teknik Quota sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan data primer dan analisis data menggunakan Chi Square dengan α = 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mayoritas responden memiliki status gizi baik yaitu 51 ibu hamil (82,3%) dan minoritas responden yang memiliki status gizi kurang yaitu 11 ibu hamil. Pengetahuan tentang gizi pada ibu hamil, 31 responden (50%) memiliki pengetahuan baik. Berdasarkan uji Chi Square, ada hubungan pengetahuan dengan status gizi ibu hamil di Puskesmas Tanjung Pinang Kota Jambi. (p = 0,00).

 

Kata kunci : status gizi, pengetahuan, kekurangan energi kronik, gizi ibu hamil

 

 

Abstract

Chronic energy deficiency is one of the problem of nutrition status in pregnant women. The number of pregnant women who suffered from chronic energy deficiency in Indonesia had increased from 2007 until 2013, that amounted to 15,7%. Data of Tanjung Pinang Health Center 2015 showed that there are 6,60% of pregnant women suffering from chronic energy deficiency. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between knowledge and nutrition statusof pregnant woman in Tanjung Pinang Primary Health Center by 2016. This reseach used descriptive correlation study with cross sectional design. The population of study was pregnant women who visited Tanjung Pinang Health Center during 2016. There were 62 respondents employed as the sample with Quota Sampling technique. This study used primary data in data collection and Chi Square Test in data analysis with the result α = 0.05. The results of study indicated that 51 respondents (82,3%) having good nutrition status while the other 11 respondents were in contrast. In accordance with knowledge level, 31 respondents (50%) having good knowledge. Based on Chi Square test there was a correlation between knowledge and pregnant women’s nutrition status in Tanjung Pinang Health Center of Jambi City (p = 0,00).

 

Keywords: nutrition status, knowledge, chronic energy deficiency, nutrition of pregnant women


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33006/ji-kes.v1i1.53

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

 ISSN: 2579-7913