PEMBERDAYAAN PEER GROUP DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESEHATAN JIWA LANSIA DI DESA KARANGBONG KECAMATAN PAJARAKAN KABUPATEN ROBOLINGGO

Rizka Yunita, Iin Aini Isnawati

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Lanjut usia didefinisikan sebagai suatu bentuk tahap tumbuh kembang paling akhir dari siklus kehidupan manusia. Masyarakat saat ini sering kali memandang negatif terhadap kehadiran lansia. Mereka mengganggap bahwa sebagian besar masyarakat masih menilai lansia sebagai orang-orang yang kurang produktif, kurang menarik, kurang energik saat beraktifitas, mudah lupa dan menurun daya ingat. Kegiatan ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kesehatan jiwa lansia melalui peer group. Kegiatan ini dilaksanakan dengan cara berdiskusi dengan sesama lansia sehingga dapat memberikan edukasi tentang cara meningkatkan kesehatan jiwa lansia. Dari kegiatan peer group, didapatkan bahwa lansia sering sekali mengalami mudah marah, emosi mudah terpancing, sulit tidur, sering terbangun malam hari, sering gelisah, perasaan mudah sensitif, dan merasa kesepian dikarenakan anaknya tidak mau tinggal bersama setelah menikah. Pada akhir sesi pertemuan, dilakukan evaluasi dari kegiatan dan didapatkan hasil bahwa para lansia telah menerima kondisi perubahan emosional dan memahami cara untuk meningkatkan kesehatan jiwa seiring dengan bertambahnya usia. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa peer group dapat meningkatkan kesehatan jiwa lansia sebab peer group sebagai sarana untuk bertukar pendapat, perasaan dan pikiran yang dialami sesama lansiasehingga dapat saling memberikan motivasi, dukungan serta dapat membantu dalam menyelesaikan masalah secara bersama-sama.

 

Kata kunci: peer group, kesehatan jiwa, lansia

 

ABSTRACT

Elderly is defined as a form of the last stage of growth and development of the human life cycle. People today often look negatively at the presence of the elderly. They assume that most people still assess the elderly as people who are less productive, less attractive, less energetic when engaged in activities, easy to forget and lose memory. This activity was carried out with the aim of improving the mental health of the elderly through the peer group. This activity is carried out by discussing with fellow seniors so that they can provide education on how to improve the mental health of the elderly. From the peer group activities, it was found that the elderly often experienced irritability, emotions easily provoked, difficulty sleeping, frequent waking at night, often restless, feeling sensitive, and feeling lonely because their children did not want to live together after marriage. At the end of the meeting session, an evaluation of the activities was carried out and the results showed that the elderly had accepted the conditions of emotional change and understood ways to improve mental health as we got older. So it can be concluded that the peer group can improve the mental health of the elderly because the peer group as a means to exchange opinions, feelings and thoughts experienced by fellow seniors so that they can give each other motivation, support and can help in solving problems together.

 

Keywords: peer group, mental health, elderly

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References


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