Tipe Kepribadian dan Perilaku Caring Mahasiswa Sarjana Keperawatan di Universitas Harapan Bangsa

Tri Sumarni, Arlyana Hikmanti

Abstract


Abstrak

Perilaku caring merupakan inti dari profesi keperawatan dan dianggap sebagai indikator penting dan dasar bagi pendidikan keperawatan. Sikap dan perilaku individu dipengaruhi oleh ciri kepribadian. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis hubungan tipe kepribadian dengan perilaku caring mahasiswa keperawatan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif korelasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa program studi sarjana keperawatan sebanyak 250 mahasiswa yang terdiri dari semester 4, 6 dan 8 teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan total sampling. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan perilaku caring diadaptasi dari kuesioner Caring Behavior Inventory (CBI) dan kuesioner kepribadian NEO-Five-Factor Inventory oleh McCrae dan Costa. Tipe kepribadian terbanyak yaitu kepribadian conscientiousness (mean 67,89). Perilaku caring responden mayoritas pada kategori baik (88%). Hubungan tipe kepribadian (big five personality) dengan perilaku caring signifikan pada kepribadian conscientiousness (r=0,13, p=0,03) dan kepribadian agreeableness (r=0,18, p=0,04). Terdapat hubungan antara tipe kepribadian (big five personality) dengan perilaku caring khususnya pada kepribadian conscientiousness dan agreeableness. Proses pembelajaran yang dapat membentuk karakter dan perilaku caring di instansi pendidikan perlu ditingkatkan lagi. Dosen dapat membantu mahasiswa untuk memahami kepribadian masing-masing melalui proses belajar mengajar.

 Kata kunci: tipe kepribadian, perilaku caring, mahasiswa keperawatan

 

 

Abstract

Caring behavior is at the core of the nursing profession and is considered as an important and basic indicator of nursing education. Individual attitudes and behavior are influenced by personality traits. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between personality types and caring behavior of nursing students. This research is a descriptive correlational study with a cross sectional approach. The sample of this study was 250 undergraduate nursing students of the fourth, sixth and eighth semesters. The sampling technique used total sampling. The research instrument used caring behavior was adapted from the Caring Behavior Inventory (CBI) questionnaire and the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory personality questionnaire by McCrae and Costa. The most personality type is conscientiousness personality (mean 67.89). The majority of respondents caring behavior is in good category (88%). The relationship of personality type (big five personality) with caring behavior was significant on conscientiousness personality (r = 0.13, p = 0.03) and agreeableness personality (r = 0.18, p = 0.04). There is a relationship between personality type (big five personality) and caring behavior, especially conscientiousness and agreeableness personalities. The learning process that can shape the character and behavior of caring in educational institutions needs to be further improved. Lecturers can help students to understand each other's personalities through teaching and learning process.

Keywords : personality type, caring behavior, nursing students


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33006/ji-kes.v5i1.192

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