Pengetahuan dan Efikasi Diri Mahasiswa Kesehatan dalam Perilaku Pencegahan Penularan Covid-19

Kartini Kartini, Hera Hastuti, Annisaa Fitrah Umara, Shieva Nur Azizah, Rizkiyani Istifada, Eriyono Budi Wijoyo

Abstract


Abstrak

Mahasiswa merupakan kelompok yang memiliki mobilitas tinggi dalam aktivitas di luar rumah. Berbagai faktor mempengaruhi perilaku mahasiswa, salah satunya pengetahuan dan efikasi diri. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan hubungan pengetahuan dan efikasi diri mahasiswa dalam perilaku pencegahan penularan COVID-19 setelah satu tahun pandemi. Metode penelitian menggunakan studi kuantitatif dengan desain cross-sectional. Penelitian ini telah lolos uji etik dengan jumlah responden yang terlibat adalah 228 mahasiswa. Analisis data menggunakan tes chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan pengetahuan dan efikasi diri dengan perilaku mahasiswa dalam pencegahan penularan COVID-19 setelah satu tahun pandemi (p-value < 0,05). Akses informasi yang mudah didapat oleh mahasiswa berdampak pada peningkatan pengetahuan dan nilai efikasi diri. Oleh karena itu dibutuhkan dukungan dari berbagai lintas sektoral dan keluarga untuk mempertahankan pengetahuan dan motivasi positif mahasiswa dalam perilaku pencegahan COVID-19.

Kata kunci: COVID-19, efikasi diri, mahasiswa, pengetahuan, perilaku

  

Abstract

College students are a group that has high mobilization activity outside. Various factors influence college student behavior, one of which is knowledge and self-efficacy. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between knowledge and self-efficacy of college students in preventing COVID-19 transmission behavior after one year of the pandemic. The research method used a quantitative study with a cross-sectional design. This research had passed the ethical test with the number of respondents involved are 228 college students. Data analysis used a chi-square test. The results showed a relationship between knowledge and self-efficacy with college student behavior in preventing COVID-19 transmission after one year of the pandemic (p-value <0,05). The information that is accessible for students has an impact on increasing knowledge and self-efficacy values. Therefore, it takes support from various sectoral and families to maintain positive knowledge and motivation of students in COVID-19 prevention behavior.

Keywords: COVID-19, self-efficacy, college students, knowledge, behavior


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33006/ji-kes.v5i1.270

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